DRS Tools

Terms of Use

The terms of use for the DRS Tools is governed by the specific application for and environment under which the tool is intended to be used.

Several different license agreements are available, depending upon your intended use of the DRS. Choose the one that applies to you.

  • STANDARD Use – for most users of the DRS. Simple per-use fees apply.
  • ACADEMIC Use – for students and faculty conducting research as part of their academic programs.
  • GOVERNMENT Use – for U.S. federal and state government employees who wish to use the DRS as part of their official duties.

The following tools and interpretive instruments are included in the DRS tools package:

  1. DRS15-v3.pdf
  2. DRS15-v3-key.pdf
  3. Adult-Norms-DRS15.pdf
  4. College-Norms-DRS15.pdf
  5. College-Norms2-DRS15.pdf

Instrument descriptions:

  1. DRS15(v.3): This is the most recent and up-to-date version of the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale currently available. It incorporates several improvements made as a result of Fulbright research conducted by Dr. Bartone in Norway, 2006-07. The DRS15-R is designed to be better balanced and more culture-free than earlier versions. Several items and phrases identified as idiomatic in nature and difficult to translate accurately from the English have been modified or replaced. There are five items each to measure the hardiness facets of Commitment, Control, and Challenge. Six items are negatively-keyed, which makes this scale quite well-balanced for negative and positive items.
  2. DRS15(v.3) Scoring Instructions and Key: This document provides the scoring key and instructions for the DRS15.
  3. Adult-Norms-DRS15: Adult normative data on the DRS15, broken down by sex and also for the three facets of Commitment, Control and Challenge. These are based upon a large sample of over 7,000 male and female adults (age 20 – 60) who completed the DRS15(R) in Norway in 2007. Includes raw scores, T-Scores, and percentiles.
  4. College-Norms-DRS15: This document provides normative reference data for the DRS-15, based upon a large USA sample (N~5,000) of male and female college students, and separately for a sample of Norwegian graduate students. Using these charts, raw scores on the DRS15(R) can be easily converted to percentiles. Scores are presented for the total group, and also broken down by sex.
  5. College-Norms2-DRS15: This document gives additional normative reference data for the DRS-15, based upon a large sample (N~6,000) of USA college students. Includes raw scores, T-scores and percentiles for commitment, control, challenge, and total hardiness.
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